CDPAP Eligibility Criteria: Who Qualifies?

Discover CDPAP eligibility criteria. From age requirements to Medicaid qualifications, find out if you qualify for this empowering program.

Understanding CDPAP Eligibility

To fully grasp the concept of the Consumer Directed Personal Assistance Program (CDPAP), it is essential to understand the program and the significance of meeting the eligibility criteria.

Introduction to Consumer Directed Personal Assistance Program (CDPAP)

The Consumer Directed Personal Assistance Program (CDPAP) is a unique Medicaid program that allows individuals to have more control over their home care services. Unlike traditional home care, where an agency provides caregivers, CDPAP enables individuals to choose their own personal assistants, including family members or friends. This program empowers individuals by giving them the freedom to make decisions about their care.

By participating in CDPAP, eligible individuals become the employer of their personal assistant, granting them the authority to recruit, hire, and train their own caregivers. This level of control allows for personalized care that is tailored to the specific needs and preferences of the individual.

Importance of Meeting Eligibility Criteria

Meeting the eligibility criteria for CDPAP is crucial for individuals who wish to participate in the program. These criteria help ensure that the program is available to those who truly need assistance with their daily activities and meet the necessary qualifications.

Understanding the eligibility criteria is essential for both potential participants and their caregivers. By familiarizing themselves with the requirements, individuals can determine if they qualify for the program and can take the necessary steps to apply. Caregivers can also gain a better understanding of their own eligibility and the responsibilities associated with being a personal assistant.

To delve into the specific eligibility criteria for CDPAP, it is important to explore factors such as age and residency requirements, medical eligibility, Medicaid eligibility, and family eligibility. Each of these factors plays a significant role in determining who can participate in the program.

As we continue, we will explore each of these eligibility criteria to provide a comprehensive understanding of who qualifies for CDPAP.

Age and Residency Requirements

To be eligible for the Consumer Directed Personal Assistance Program (CDPAP), individuals must meet certain age and residency requirements. These criteria ensure that the program is available to those who genuinely need long-term care assistance.

Minimum Age Requirement

In order to qualify for CDPAP, there is typically a minimum age requirement. While the specific age may vary depending on the state, in New York, for example, individuals must be at least 18 years old to be eligible for the program. It is important to note that age requirements may be subject to change, so checking the most up-to-date information is essential.

Residency Requirements for CDPAP

Residency is another crucial factor in determining eligibility for CDPAP. Generally, individuals must be residents of the state where they are applying for the program. In the case of New York, applicants must be residents of New York State to be eligible for CDPAP.

Residency requirements ensure that the program is accessible to individuals who are living in the state and can benefit from the services provided. It is important to remember that specific residency requirements may vary from state to state.

To learn more about the eligibility criteria for CDPAP, including medical requirements, Medicaid eligibility, and family eligibility, be sure to explore the relevant sections in this article.

By understanding the age and residency requirements for CDPAP, individuals can determine if they meet the initial qualifications for the program. It is important to review the specific eligibility criteria for the state in which you reside to ensure that you meet all the necessary requirements.

Medical Eligibility

In order to qualify for the Consumer Directed Personal Assistance Program (CDPAP), individuals must meet specific medical eligibility criteria. This section will explore the requirements related to chronic illness or disability and the need for assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs).

Chronic Illness or Disability

To be eligible for CDPAP, individuals must have a chronic illness or disability that requires assistance with daily activities. The program is designed to support individuals with long-term conditions that affect their ability to independently perform tasks such as bathing, dressing, eating, toileting, and mobility.

Examples of chronic illnesses or disabilities that may make someone eligible for CDPAP include but are not limited to:

  • Alzheimer's disease or dementia
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Chronic respiratory conditions
  • Developmental disabilities

It's important to note that the specific medical conditions that qualify for CDPAP can vary. Eligibility is determined by the assessing healthcare professional, who evaluates the individual's medical needs and determines whether they meet the criteria.

Need for Assistance with Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)

In addition to having a chronic illness or disability, individuals must also demonstrate a need for assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs). ADLs encompass essential self-care tasks that individuals typically perform on a daily basis.

Common ADLs include:

  1. Bathing: The ability to wash oneself, including showering or taking a bath.
  2. Dressing: The ability to select and put on appropriate clothing.
  3. Eating: The ability to feed oneself independently.
  4. Toileting: The ability to use the toilet, maintain personal hygiene, and manage incontinence.
  5. Mobility: The ability to move around, whether it's walking, using a wheelchair, or utilizing assistive devices.

Individuals who require assistance with one or more of these ADLs may qualify for CDPAP. It's important to provide documentation or medical evidence that supports the need for assistance with ADLs during the CDPAP application process.

By meeting the medical eligibility criteria for CDPAP, individuals with chronic illnesses or disabilities who require assistance with ADLs can benefit from the program's support. It's essential to consult with healthcare professionals and refer to the specific guidelines and requirements to determine eligibility.

Medicaid Eligibility

Income Requirements

Asset Limitations

To be eligible for the Consumer Directed Personal Assistance Program (CDPAP), individuals must meet specific Medicaid requirements. These requirements ensure that the program is available to those who require financial assistance. Two key factors in determining Medicaid eligibility for CDPAP are income requirements and asset limitations.

Income Requirements

CDPAP eligibility considers income as a determining factor for qualification. The income requirements may vary depending on the state, but in the context of New York, individuals must meet certain income thresholds to be eligible for Medicaid and subsequently qualify for CDPAP.

The income limits are determined by the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), which takes into account household size and income. Medicaid eligibility is typically available for individuals with incomes up to 138% of the FPL. However, it's important to note that each state may have slight variations in income limits.

Asset Limitations

In addition to income requirements, CDPAP eligibility also considers asset limitations. Assets include various forms of property or financial resources that an individual possesses. To qualify for Medicaid and subsequently for CDPAP, individuals must meet specific asset limits.

In New York, the asset limits for Medicaid eligibility can vary based on various factors such as age, disability, and family size. As of 2021, the asset limit for an individual applying for Medicaid is $15,900. However, certain assets such as a primary residence, personal belongings, and one vehicle are typically exempt from consideration when determining eligibility.

To gain a better understanding of the specific asset limitations for Medicaid eligibility in New York, it is recommended to consult the official Medicaid guidelines or speak with a Medicaid representative.

Meeting the income requirements and complying with the asset limitations are important factors when determining eligibility for CDPAP. It is advisable to seek guidance from a Medicaid professional or visit the official Medicaid website to understand the most up-to-date and accurate information regarding income and asset requirements.

Family Eligibility

When it comes to the Consumer Directed Personal Assistance Program (CDPAP), there are specific eligibility criteria for both the individuals receiving care and their family members who wish to serve as personal assistants. Let's explore the eligibility for family members to serve as personal assistants and the restrictions on who can be a personal assistant.

Eligibility for Family Members to Serve as Personal Assistants

One of the unique aspects of the CDPAP is that it allows eligible individuals to choose their own personal assistants, which can include family members. In New York, eligible family members who can serve as personal assistants include:

  • Parents of adult children with disabilities
  • Spouses or domestic partners
  • Adult children
  • Siblings

This provision recognizes the importance of familial support and allows individuals to receive care from someone they trust and are comfortable with. However, it's important to note that the family member serving as a personal assistant must meet the necessary qualifications and requirements to be eligible for the CDPAP program.

Restrictions on Who Can Be a Personal Assistant

While CDPAP allows for family members to serve as personal assistants, there are certain restrictions on who can fulfill this role. These restrictions are in place to ensure the safety, well-being, and quality of care provided to the individuals receiving assistance. Some common restrictions include:

  • Personal assistants cannot be the legally responsible representative of the individual receiving care, such as a legal guardian.
  • Personal assistants cannot be the spouse or domestic partner of the individual receiving care if they are also the designated representative of the Managed Long-Term Care (MLTC) plan.
  • Personal assistants cannot be the parent of a minor child who is receiving care through the CDPAP program.
  • Personal assistants must meet the qualifications and requirements set forth by the CDPAP program, including background checks and training.

It's important to thoroughly review the eligibility criteria and restrictions before selecting a personal assistant.

Understanding the family eligibility requirements and restrictions will help you navigate the CDPAP program and make informed decisions regarding the selection of personal assistants.

Applying for CDPAP

Once you have determined that you meet the eligibility criteria for the Consumer Directed Personal Assistance Program (CDPAP), it's time to take the necessary steps to apply. Here, we will outline the steps to apply for CDPAP and the documentation required for the application process.

Steps to Apply for CDPAP

  1. Contact a CDPAP Provider: Start by reaching out to a CDPAP provider in your area. They will guide you through the application process and provide the necessary information and forms.
  2. Complete the Application: Fill out the CDPAP application form provided by the CDPAP provider. This form will require personal information, medical history, and details about your need for assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs). Be sure to provide accurate and complete information to avoid delays in the process.
  3. Obtain Medical Documentation: You will need medical documentation that verifies your chronic illness or disability and the need for assistance with ADLs. This may include statements from healthcare professionals, medical reports, or assessments.
  4. Submit the Application: Once you have completed the application form and gathered the required documentation, submit them to the CDPAP provider. They will review your application and assess your eligibility.
  5. Assessment and Approval: The CDPAP provider will evaluate your application and determine if you meet all the eligibility criteria. If approved, they will work with you to develop a care plan and match you with personal assistants who meet your needs.

Documentation Required for CDPAP Application

When applying for CDPAP, you will need to provide various documents to support your eligibility. Here are some of the common documents that may be required:

Documentation and Purpose

Proof of Age and Residency: To verify that you meet the minimum age requirement and residency requirements for CDPAP.
Medical Records: To provide evidence of your chronic illness or disability and the need for assistance with ADLs. This may include medical reports, assessments, or statements from healthcare professionals.
Income Verification: To determine if you meet the income requirements for CDPAP. This may include recent pay stubs, tax returns, or proof of government assistance. Asset Documentation: To assess your asset limitations for CDPAP eligibility. This may include bank statements, property ownership documents, or investment account statements.
Proof of Caregiver Relationship: If you are applying as a family member, you may need to provide documentation to establish the relationship between you and the care recipient. This can include birth certificates, adoption papers, or other legal documents.

It's important to ensure that all documents are accurate, up-to-date, and properly organized when submitting your CDPAP application. This will help expedite the review process and ensure that you receive the care and assistance you need.

By following the steps to apply for CDPAP and providing the necessary documentation, you can begin your journey towards accessing the personalized care and assistance offered by the program. Remember to contact your local CDPAP provider for specific guidance and support throughout the application process.


In conclusion, CDPAP is a valuable program for individuals with disabilities or chronic health conditions who require home care services. If you or someone you know meets the eligibility criteria, consider applying for CDPAP to receive the care and assistance needed to live a fulfilling life.


New York State: Consumer Directed Personal Assistance Program (CDPAP)

Friends and Family Home Care Services: CDPAP Requirements 2023: What to Know Medicaid Eligibility

Freedom Care: The Ultimate CDPAP Guide